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Losses of rural production

To the core: The government, by way of the Central Bank, reformed part of the rules involved with Proagro, which is the coverage given to credits hired by rural producers who lost their crops or suffered other issues due to atypical climate conditions. The measure takes away part of the obligations that the producer needs to submit to the bank in order to formalize loans as part of Proagro, and allows invoices issued on behalf of rural companies which are

partners of the beneficiary to be used as proof of land use. The banks will also have more time to analyze coverage requests: instead of 15 days, as it is today, institutions which operate rural credit will have up to 45 days to examine cases. </span></p> <p><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind:</b></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Now, the proof of losses to justify loans must be made exclusively by organizations and professionals which are part of the National Register of Proof of Losses of Proagro, which will also be subject to specific regulation from the Ministry of Agriculture.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The remuneration of agents responsible for the verification of losses remains at 1 percent of the credit value, but within the minimum limits of BRL 290 and maximum of BRL 1,200. Previously, the limits were between BRL 330 and BRL 1,350.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The remuneration of banks will increase from BRL 125 per request to BRL 270, as of this month. The last adjustment to this figure took place in 2013. Expenses on the &#8220;development of research, tools, and actions of risk management and supervision for agencies of management and control of the program&#8221; will now no longer be attributed to the program.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Resolução nº 4.725, de 27 de junho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Exporting cats and dogs</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Ministry of Agriculture established new procedures in the control of exporting and importing products of &#8220;agricultural importance.&#8221; The changes essentially affect products of vegetable origin and some animals. Another change is that, in order to send cats or dogs abroad, the bureaucracy involved may be resolved directly over the internet. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In order to obtain an International Veterinary Certificate, obligatory for transportation, the applicant will be able to upload a printout of the document signed by a vet, attesting to the animal&#8217;s health. The period of analysis will be 48 hours.</span></p> <p><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind:</b></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The most general change is that all members of federal inspection teams, and not only inspectors themselves, will have authorization of collect samples and carry out physical inspections of imported products. They will produce reports to be analyzed by the agricultural inspectors, who will then authorize the entry of products into Brazil. This will apply for drinks in general, wine, plants, seedlings, and seeds, and goods fractionated from vegetable products.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">In the case of products brought in the luggage of international travelers, items which are forbidden from entering the country will be seized and sent for destruction.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The searching of people in the case of suspicion of transporting items of an agricultural interest on their person is no longer part of the rules. This was foreseen in the law in place until now, but now there is no longer any reference to this.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Instrução Normativa nº 12, de 28 de junho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Pests in agriculture</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Agricultural Defense Department created the National Program of Prevention and Surveillance of Absent Quarantine Pests (PNPV-PQA). PQAs are &#8220;pests with an important economic potential for an area at risk, which are not present in the country.&#8221; Basically, these are pests which affect plantations. The program, besides blocking the entry of these pests into Brazil, will be aimed at &#8220;maintaining a surveillance system to detect and identify PQAs in areas of risk&#8221; and promote measures to mitigate the effects of a potential pest in Brazil. The use of pesticides in these cases would come as no surprise.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 131, de 27 de junho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Family farming</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">An alteration to the rules for the issuance of Declarations of Qualification for Pronaf (DAP), giving more flexibility for cooperatives and associations of family farmers to fit into this category as legal entities, giving them easier access to credit. </span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 62, de 2 de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Support to cooperatives</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Agriculture Ministry has launched a program to give direct support to agricultural cooperatives and associations—through training sessions, technical assistance, production organization, management assessment, loans. The program also aims at fostering new opportunities to sell harvests to the government and even to new private clients—locally or abroad.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 129, de 4 de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <h1></h1> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b>BANKS AND FINANCIAL SYSTEM</b></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Fixed-income bonds</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The CMN changed the rules regarding one of the most profitable fixed-income bonds available, the so-called &#8220;Letras Financeiras.&#8221; These are high investments (a minimum of BRL 150,000) which have a high potential for return, and which may only be called in after two years. Now, they are slightly more accessible, with the minimum amount for investment falling to BRL 50,000. The CMN also increased the possibility of remuneration from these bonds. Previously, they would only be paid out on interest rates, pre-fixed or otherwise, or price indexes. Now &#8220;other rates&#8221; may be used, providing they are &#8220;of public knowledge and correctly calculated.&#8221; The only exception which is clearly put in place is with regard to currency exchange.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Resolução nº 4.733, de 27 de junho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Boards of pension funds</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The appointment of pension fund directors in general will now follow new rules. The Supplementary Pensions Commission (Previc) decided what it will take into account in its analysis of &#8220;immaculate reputation.&#8221; Besides legal cases, ongoing police investigations, proceedings of misconduct in office and administrative proceedings concerning the financial system will be taken into account. Convictions are not necessary to affect this &#8220;immaculate reputation.&#8221; The exception is in the case of administrative proceedings, in which there must be at least a trial court conviction to affect the analysis.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Instrução nº 13, de 28 de junho de 2019</span></a></p> <h1></h1> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b>CULTURE</b></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Selection for the Oscars</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The government established new selection rules for Brazilian productions which will compete for the Oscars, now in the Best International Feature Film category, replacing the extinct Best Foreign Language Film award. Thus, fiction, documentaries and animations running over 40 minutes will enter the same dispute. Applications will run until August 16 and the result will be given less than two weeks later, on August 27. Another important change is that last year, the government guaranteed assistance of BRL 200,000 for the selected production, in order to finance campaigns to promote the film. Now, this financial help no longer exists. The legislation includes a provision for &#8220;financial support,&#8221; without mentioning values.</span></p> <p><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind:</b></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The judging committee, which will make its choice by way of a vote, decided by a simple majority, will be made up of: the founder and director of the documentary festival &#8220;É Tudo Verdade,&#8221; Amir Labaki, the director of the Rio Festival, Ilda Santiago, directors Anna Muylaert, David Schurmann, and Zelito Viana, screenwriters Mikael de Albuquerque, producers Sara Silveira and Vania Catani, and cinematographer Walter Carvalho.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 1.213, de 28 de junho de 2019</span><b> </b></a></p> <h2></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b>EDUCATION</b></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Scholarships for indigenous people and quilombolas</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">Launched in 2013, the Permanent Scholarship Program is focused on granting scholarships so that indigenous people and quilombolas may continue in higher education. Further applications will be made this year, until September 30, though the ordinance published this week does not cite the number of places which will be opened.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 1.240, de 1º de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Magazine for post-graduates</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">Capes, a Brazilian federal agency under the Education Ministry responsible for quality assurance in undergraduate and postgraduate institutions, has officially ended the printed version of its Revista Brasileira de Pós-Graduação (Brazilian Post-graduation Magazine). The issuance of the magazine had already been suspended last year—and only a web-based version will be published from now on.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 154, de 1º de julho de 2019</span><b> </b></a></p> <h2></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b>ENVIRONMENT</b></h2> <h4></h4> <h4><b>Unlocking environmental cases</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Ministry of Infrastructure is preparing to unlock the environmental portion of the sector&#8217;s large projects. The ministry substituted the Permanent Socio-environmental Committee for the Committee of Environmental Management, which will have the express responsibility to &#8220;deal with matters related to procedures of environmental licensing, program execution and management, including compensatory and mitigating measures.&#8221;</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 2.866, de 28 de junho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b> </b><b>HEALTHCARE</b></h2> <h4><b>Zero tax for vaccines</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The government ordered that for one year, Import Tax will be waived on vaccines against Hepatitis B (up to 30 million doses, as of October), measles, mumps, and rubella (up to 10 million doses, as of December), against HPV (up to 18 million doses, as of December), against Hepatitis A (up to 10 million doses, as of October), and against rabies (up to 4 million doses, as of October). The Foreign Trade Department of the Ministry of the Economy will establish a supplementary rule, with the criteria for allocating these quotas. </span></p> <p><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind:</b></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">As well as vaccines, the government gave authorization to reduce import tax rates to 2 percent on inputs used in pesticides (Monoisopropylamine, up to 26,300 tons, monochloroacetic acid, up to 4,500 tons, aluminum phosphate, up to 1,500 tons), as well as threads for the textile industry and nickel (cathodes) for the metallurgic industry.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 468, de 27 de junho de 2019</span><b> </b></a></p> <h2></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b>HOUSING</b></h2> <h4></h4> <h4><b>More Southeast, less North/Northeast</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">In a review of the distribution of FGTS funds for the housing area, the Ministry of Regional Development increased the volume available for financing operations in &#8220;support of the production of housing&#8221; by over BRL 5.2 billion. The total amount for housing remains the same: BRL 66.1 billion. However, during this alteration, states from the North and Northeast saw a severe reduction (44.2%) in the portion previously available to them. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Adding up the Pro-Moradia program, individual and associative credit cards and support for the production of housing, the North and Northeast regions had the right to BRL 18.9 billion up until now. The review left them with BRL 10.5 billion. Meanwhile the Southeast and South gained an extra BRL 8.8 billion, boosted above all by São Paulo. The original normative instruction, from last December, indicated that this distribution of funds was based on the urban population of 2018 and on the &#8220;estimation of the Brazilian housing deficit for 2014.&#8221; This week&#8217;s instrictuno does not change this distribution provision.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">At the end of April, the ministry had made a similar movement in relation to FGTS funds for use in the area of basic sanitation. Similar to what is happening in the housing sector, the North and Northeast lost out on funds to the benefit of the Southeast region.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Instrução Normativa nº 25, de 28 de junho de 2019</span><b> </b></a></p> <h1></h1> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b>INFRASTRUCTURE</b></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Acquisition of trains</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The government established rules for the selection of proposals to be submitted by states, municipalities, and private companies to obtain financing (by way of FGTS funds) for the acquisition of trains to be used on subways, urban trains, VLTs and monorails. The level of bureaucracy involved is apparently very low. The analysis of the proposals will be made entirely by the bank appointed by the proponent, providing it has been previously accredited by the Caixa Econômica Federal. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This analysis will cover the payment ability of the proponent, the &#8220;financial, technical, legal, and institutional&#8221; viability of the proposal and the &#8220;compatibility between the financing amount requested, the viability of the acquisition of vehicles, and the proposed timetable.&#8221; Once approved, the paperwork is sent to the Ministry of Regional Development, which publishes the selection of the proposal on the Federal Register. Once selected, the financing operation must be effectively hired within one year.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Instrução Normativa nº 24, de 21 de junho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Recall of vehicles</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The National Traffic Department (Denatran) will create a system of individual notification of vehicle owners on any potential recalls of automobiles with factory defects. The principal change in this week&#8217;s ordinance is that the agency may demand that manufacturers analyze vehicles in the case of complaints received by the government with regard to &#8220;potential hazard or danger.&#8221; The expenses should be borne by the manufacturer. Furthermore, Denatran will carry out an investigation on its own behalf, being able to request &#8220;samples of batches of vehicles or components, domestic or imported, as well as all project information necessary to clarify the evaluation of the identified problem.&#8221; If the samples and information are not submitted, the vehicle may have its Certificate of Compliance with Traffic Legislation (CAT) suspended.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria Conjunta nº 3, de 1º de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Expropriation and resettlement</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">Similar to the case of the Environmental Management Committee noted in the environment sub-heading, the Ministry of Infrastructure created the Land Management Committee, which will deal with the management of areas of public domain, &#8220;procedures of compulsory relocation of populations such as, expropriations, relocations, and resettlements.&#8221; Also following the environmental committee it will be presided over by the Deputy Secretary of Environmental Management and Expropriation. With this change, the now extinct Permanent Socio-Environmental Committee will be divided in two: the Environmental Management Committee and the Land Management Committee—with more specific responsibilities than simply the performance of the ministry&#8217;s &#8220;socio-environmental guidelines.&#8221;</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 2.865, de 28 de junho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Rules for electric and self-driving cars</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">Important changes to Rota 2030, the special tax regime for the automobile sector, specifically with regard to the qualification of companies which wish to produce new products of new models of existing products, or &#8220;new strategic solutions to mobility and logistics.&#8221; To this end, as the program states, they must approve a project of development and technological production of these products, among them electric and self-driving cars. This week, it was defined that in the analysis of projects, by considering the industrial and technological processes of production, the government will ponder whether the proposal has potential to attract investments to increase productivity and competitiveness.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 165, de 24 de junho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Paralyzed projects</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Economy Ministry set rules to unclog investments in projects within the Growth Acceleration Program (PAC), budgeted up until BRL 10 million and left unconcluded. Ministries are authorized to continue them, provided a few conditions: execution had reached at least 60 percent by December 2018; at least 5 percent of the project was executed during 2018; and it is possible to finish it (from a technical and financial standpoint) by June 30, 2020. Projects which don&#8217;t meet all of these pre-requisites can still get a green light, as long as execution can be restarted within four months and at least 20 percent was concluded by the end of 2018.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria Interministerial nº 350, de 3 de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <p><b> </b></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b>LABOR</b></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Labor bureaucracy</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">Once again, the government postponed the deadline for companies to inform data on social security, tax, and labor relations through eSocial—a government platform to facilitate taxation and monitoring. Major corporations (with turnover higher than BRL 78 million in 2016) had to start this month to inform data on labor safety and healthcare. As the government elaborates a new, simplified version of eSocial, the date has been pushed back:</span></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">January 8, 2020: major corporations</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">July 2020 and January 2021: other private companies</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">July 2021: public institutions</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 716, de 4 de julho de 2019</span><b> </b></a></p> <h2></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b>PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION</b></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Presidential speeches</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The government issued new norms for broadcasting speeches of government officials and ceremonies at the presidential palace. TV and radio stations must ensure solutions for people with visual or hearing disabilities. In the case of TVs, for example, the image of a sign language interpreter will be mandatory. The exception is for live broadcasts, in which case only the government&#8217;s official channels will be forced to have interpreters.</span></p> <p><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind:</b></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Even in the case of ads &#8220;destined to promote sales or products or services,&#8221; accessibility standards must be respected. It is not clear, however, which government addresses would have that purpose (perhaps lotteries, which in Brazil are publicly-run).</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Instrução Normativa nº 1, de 3 de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <h4></h4> <h4><b>Government-owned real estate</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The government has centralized more decision-making regarding government-owned properties around the country, creating the Central Committee for Government Property Alienation (CCA). The institution will have final say on all kinds of operations—sales, exchanges, donations, use in investment funds, to the “redemption of annual rent.” The committee will be formed by only five people, all members of the Government&#8217;s Secretariat of Patrimony—and will have little oversight. </span></p> <p><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind:</b></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">State administrations had, until now, the power to donate properties valued at up to BRL 1.2 million to projects in healthcare, education, and research—and sell off properties of up to BRL 1 million. Now, they can only decide on cases of annual fund redemption.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 55, de 2 de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Rules of alienation of seized assets</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The National Secretariat on Drug Policies (Senad) has approved a new issue for its textbook on how to evaluate and alienate assets seized by authorities. This issue already takes into consideration recent rule changes making it easier for the government to auction property by those convicted of drug-related crimes. One of the new rules is that the government will publish online, every month, a list of all assets fit for public auction—sorted by value and location. A list of auctioned assets must also be published.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 11, de 3 de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <p><b> </b></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b>PUBLIC SECURITY</b></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Controlled products (including guns)</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The regulations for the inspection of controlled products by the Army Command, which were meant to come into force at the beginning of March before being pushed to the start of this month, will now only take effect in October. These rules were decided last September and will include control procedures for the registration of firearms. This decree, signed by former President Michel Temer, includes a list of calibers of guns which are considered as being restricted use. The delay, therefore, should give the government time to alter this and other points of the rules decided last year, in light of the administration&#8217;s view on the control of ownership and carry permits for firearms.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Decreto nº 9.898, de 2 de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Odd jobs for police</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">Military police officers will now be able to complement their central jobs with another job in the area of education or health. This serves as the legalization of odd jobs for police officers. This possibility of having second jobs was previously reserved for public servants and members of the military working in the area of health. Now, police officers may, when off duty, give classes or, in the example of military members in the health area, provide care to patients.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Emenda Constitucional nº 101</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>More highway police</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">A decree was published this week authorizing the appointment of 500 people approved to the vacancies available in the last civil-service examination for the Federal Highway Police and 500 extra candidates.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Decreto nº 9.899, de 3 de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <p><b> </b></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b>SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY</b></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>DNA banks</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">DNA collected from the corpses of identified individuals may be included in the Genetic Profile Bank controlled by the Ministry of Justice. As a general rule, this will occur in accordance with a court order. The police may also directly solicit the collection of genetic profiles from cadavers, but only when the deceased person is a defendant in a criminal case, or is a suspect in a police inquiry involving the investigation of violent crimes, or when death was the result of &#8220;armed confrontation.&#8221; </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In other words, deaths as a result of resisting arrest may lead to DNA being collected even without court orders. When the collection of DNA is in the interest of a criminal investigation, this genetic information will be stored in a specific category of the Genetic Profile Bank titled Identified Mortal Remains (RMI), where they will remain for 20 years. </span></p> <p><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind: </b></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">When the demand for DNA is in the interest of identifying missing persons, the genetic profile will go to the category &#8220;relative of missing persons.&#8221;</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">As provided by law in 2010, in the case of the deceased being convicted for a heinous crime, collection will occur regardless of court orders or police demands.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Resolução nº 11, de 1º de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <p><b>Security of personal data</b></p> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">This is a one-off measure which could have an important impact in the future, given the state of Brazil&#8217;s institutions. It is nothing new for government agencies to have access to data held by the tax authorities on people, companies, and properties. Now, the tax authority&#8217;s information security area decided that access to this information may only be made through &#8220;timely and transnational consultations,&#8221; without the storing of information by the agency given access to the tax authority&#8217;s records.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 55, de 3 de julho de 2019</span><b> </b></a></p> <h2></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b>SOCIAL WELFARE AND PENSIONS</b></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Criança Feliz</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Criança Feliz (Happy Child) program will now include, among its priority targets, all pregnant mothers or children up to three years of age inserted on the government&#8217;s Single Registration system. Up to now, priority was given to pregnant mothers and children up to this age who were beneficiaries of the Bolsa Familia wealth transfer program, of children of up to six years who were beneficiaries of the Continuous Payment Benefit (BPC) or who had been removed from family cohabitation. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">By inserting the Single Registration system as a whole, the program will now cover all children up to three years old with a family income per capita of up to half a minimum wage, or which, in total, receive three minimum wages, regardless of whether they are beneficiaries of Bolsa Familia or the BPC.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 1.217, de 1º de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Scrutiny on pensions</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The National Social Security Institute (INSS) has decided to change how the scrutiny on possibly fraudulent pensions will happen. The order in which cases were analyzed was supposed to be automatically set up—based on pre-set criteria like benefits conceded for most longer. Auditors will be able to set their own criteria.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Resolução nº 688, de 4 de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Data security</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The National Social Security Institute (INSS) will have to respect new data protection rules (already in compliance with the General Data Protection Law, approved in 2018 and set to be enforced next year) when sharing data with public offices and research institutions. Government bodies demanding data on births, marriages, deaths (and that includes institutions from the Legislative and Judiciary branches, as well as some state-owned companies) must not only use encryption as a security tool, but also log every event involving citizen data. The logs must be kept for at least 5 years and include: the servant who performed the operation, their work station, date and hour of operations.</span></p> <p><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind:</b></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Data can only be shared according to 2014 rules: for &#8220;studies and research purposes&#8221; only, and as long as citizens are not identified through their data.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Resolução nº 4, de 28 de maio de 2019</span></a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b>TRADE AND COMMERCE</b></h2> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Freedom for shopkeepers</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">In principle, the life of shopkeepers should become more dynamic from here on out. The National Monetary Council (CMN) set rules for banks to give advance payments of the entire amount of installment-plan credit card purchases to shopkeepers and other service providers. Furthermore, the CMN set new parameters for granting loans to merchants using their receivables as guarantee. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">A circular letter from the Central Bank, supplementing the decision, defined the concept of &#8220;units of receivables,&#8221; which can be negotiated and used as guarantees. Each unit is equivalent to the total of transactions carried out by a given corporate or individual taxpayer, using the same payment arrangement and related to the payment date of the operation, instead of the date of the initial transaction. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">On the registration system which will include these units, they may be divided &#8220;for negotiation purposes,&#8221; either by a fixed value or for a percentage of the unit</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Resolução nº 4.734, de 27 de junho de 2019</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> and </span><a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Circular nº 3.952, de 27 de junho de 2019</span></a></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"></h2> <h4><b>Vehicles for Colombia</b></h4> <p><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">Manufacturers looking to receive additional quotas for the exporting of vehicles to Colombia, in the scope of the automotive agreement in force between the two countries, may make a request to the government until July 29. In order to do this, other manufacturers must inform the government that they do not intend to use all of their quotas this year. Previously, the surplus would go to a &#8220;technical reserve,&#8221; instead of competing manufacturers.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 23, de 3 de julho de 2019</span></a></p> <p>

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