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Abuse in milk production

To the core: One of the most controversial agricultural practices are the so-called “milking tournaments,” where farmers bring their best cows to a competition on who can produce the most milk. The logic behind this is to show off the genetic qualities of the animals. Until today, these competitions aren’t regulated, and there have been cases of animals dying during the competition.

The new rules, besides trying to avoid abuse of animals (it is not permitted to give the cows shocks or pull their tails, for instance), leave a few loopholes in relation to what had been said by the Agriculture Ministry last year. Then, the government said the tournaments should award the quality of the milk, not the quantity.

This, however, is nowhere to be seen in the normative

instruction. See the main gaps below:</span></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The organizers of the events, and not the government, will define the total number of milking sessions and the time between them, and their duration. It will also be up to the organizers to decide the ranking of the animals, either taking into account qualitative or quantitative aspects. In other words, the idea of quantity of milk still exists. </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Oxytocin, which artificially stimulates the production of milk, may be used during the tournaments, as long as it is previously reported to responsible technicians and is supplied by the event organizers.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Instrução Normativa nº 6, de 3 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h4><b>More accessible rural credit</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> As of July, credit cooperatives belonging to cooperative confederations may raise deposits of rural savings. Currently, only institutions such as Banco do Brasil, Banco do Nordeste, and Banco da Amazônia may work with rural savings. The government&#8217;s idea is to facilitate the access to credit for rural producers and stimulate competition, as 60 percent of funds deposited in rural savings must be destined for rural credit.</span></h5> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In July, only cooperatives linked to confederations and which have liquid assets of BRL 900 million may raise savings. As of October, those belonging to unions (with assets of at least BRL 600 million) will have the same opportunity. And, as of January 2020, any cooperative with assets of over BRL 300 million will be able to enter this operation.</span></p> <h5><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind:</b></h5> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Central Bank is authorized to waive requirements related to, for instance, the compliance with legislation by cooperatives and ignore potential irregularities and restrictions the cooperative may have with &#8220;public and private systems.&#8221; The rule says that the Central Bank, &#8220;considering the circumstances of each case and the context of the facts, [it may] waive, in exceptional circumstances and in the public interest, the compliance of specific conditions.&#8221;</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The general rule is of directing 60 percent of resources raised for rural credit. However, cooperatives, in the first year, must direct 20 percent and, in the second year, 40 percent. Only after the third year must 60 percent be directed to rural credit.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Resolução nº 4.716, de 25 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h4><b>Privileged negotiation table</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> The federal government will create groups of rural producers to define investments which should be prioritized by the government in regions with potential for agricultural expansion. The official name of the initiative is Centers of Irrigated Agriculture. Each one will be managed by a group made up of &#8220;irrigators [rural business owners], organizations of irrigators and/or public and private agencies linked to the irrigation sector.&#8221; </span></h5> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In other words, the participation of public agencies in the management group is optional. The government&#8217;s action in this initiative involves &#8220;supporting the feasibility of project portfolios in partnership with management groups, by way of own resources and public and private partnerships.&#8221;</span></p> <h5><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind:</b></h5> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Among the strategies to be implemented by the centers is the &#8220;construction of project portfolios&#8221; and &#8220;monitoring and management of priority projects.&#8221; Examples of projects are improvements of public roads, investments in irrigation efficiency, among others.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">It is not in the ordinance, but the government had already identified five regions to implement pilot projects: the Rio Santa Maria basin, Vale do Araguaia e Cristalina, and one in the west of Bahia and another in Mato Grosso.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 1.082, de 25 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h4><b>Fishing licenses</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> The government automatically extends fishing licenses for four months for all boats requesting the renewal of licenses in up to 12 months after the expiry of the previous license. There will not be any analysis of documentation of the renewal request in this period. Extensions are unrestricted, though it does require the compliance of rules such as respect for the period of defense, the proof of payment of the license fee, and the prohibition of fishing species on the list of protected species. </span></h5> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The list of the boats benefited by the extension will be disclosed in a place &#8220;of easy access to the public.&#8221;</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Instrução Normativa nº 7, de 29 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;">AVIATION</h2> <h4><b>Licenses for aircraft pilots</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> The National Agency of Civil Aviation (Anac) has changed the rules to grant licenses for instrument aircraft pilots (where the flight takes place without conditions of orientation by the naked eye) and flight instructors in general. Previously, they could receive licenses through classes with qualified instructors. Now, lessons must be offered by a Civil Aviation Teaching Center which is duly accredited by the regulatory agency.</span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Resolução nº 514, de 25 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;">BANKS AND FINANCIAL SYSTEM</h2> <h4><b>Share offering announcements</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> This is an experimental deliberation, but the Securities Commission (CVM) has decided to allow companies listed on the stock exchange to publish promotional material about share offerings without the prior approval of the CVM, as was the rule in Brazil. However, these companies must send this material to the CVM within a day of publishing and prior approval is still required for share offering brochures.</span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Deliberação nº 818, de 30 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h4><b>Pre-independence of the Central Bank</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> While the actual independence of the Central Bank has yet to be confirmed, President Jair Bolsonaro sanctioned a law which, while giving the bank a bit more autonomy to control its own losses, also leaves space for the federal government to bail out the bank in extreme situations. </span></h5> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The main novelty is the creation of barriers that prevent the federal government from automatically covering the losses of the Central Bank, as it is today. At the same time, it also increases the bank&#8217;s &#8220;profit reserve&#8221;—a kind of safety net to cover negative results registered every six months by the Central Bank, generally caused by the volatility of its foreign exchange operations and derivative operations on the domestic market. In the second half of 2018, BRL 25.5 billion was transferred to the government from the positive result in the first half of the year. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Under the new rules, the portion of this amount (used exclusively for debt repayment) that corresponds to the bank&#8217;s profits in currency and derivative operations would no longer be paid to the federal government and would go to the profit reserve. This will then in turn be used exclusively to cover possible negative results in future semesters.  </span></p> <h5><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind:</b></h5> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">If the amount available in the profit reserve is not sufficient to cover the deficit, the Central Bank will still be able to reduce its assets, provided that it maintains it at a minimum proportion of 1.5 percent in relation to the total assets recorded on its balance sheet. Only after that, if it is still not enough, may the government step in to bail out the bank. Currently, the government must cover any negative results by issuing public debt bonds (and thus borrowing more).</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">In exceptional conditions, where there are &#8220;severe restrictions on liquidity conditions&#8221; affecting debt refinancing, the Central Bank&#8217;s profit reserves may be used by the government to pay off public debt. But this must be authorized in advance by the National Monetary Council. In addition, the law also opens the possibility for the government to redeem free securities for negotiation, as a way to reduce the public debt, with prior authorization from the Central Bank.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">If the bank&#8217;s shareholders&#8217; equity is below 0.25 percent of its total assets by the 20th day of the month, the government will have to issue debt securities to beef up the bank&#8217;s equity, so that it reaches the level of at least 0.5% of total assets.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Whenever the value of the bank&#8217;s publicly traded securities portfolio is less than 4 percent of the bank&#8217;s total holdings, the government will have to issue new securities in such a way that this percentage reaches 5 percent.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Despite the rules, the current situation of the Central Bank is relatively comfortable. The bank ended 2018 with shareholders&#8217; equity corresponding to 3.9 percent of total assets—that is, above the limit of 1.5 percent when the government is obligated to incur debt to cover the bank&#8217;s losses.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Lei nº 13.820, de 2 de maio de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;">BUSINESS AND INVESTMENTS</h2> <h4><b>Cutting red tape</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">Provisional Decree 876, issued in March, had defined that attorneys or accountants representing companies could attest to the authenticity of documents at Commercial Registries, without having to present certified copies. This week&#8217;s regulation defines that they must declare the authenticity of the document, either on the document itself or on a separate sheet, with the proper specification. </span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Instrução Normativa nº 60, de 26 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h4><b>Economic Freedom</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">On paper, this is the government&#8217;s biggest move yet to spark the entrepreneurial spirit of the Brazilian public. It is also the provisional decree with the most implications. Its name has epic connotations (the &#8220;Economic Freedom&#8221; decree), but while it does facilitate things for business owners (especially those of small businesses), there are still some loopholes on controversial points.</span></h5> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The rule&#8217;s purpose is to facilitate, as much as possible, acts to permit &#8220;economic activity.&#8221; This includes not only operating licenses for hair salons, for example, but also licenses in general, as well as the possibility of &#8220;installation,&#8221; &#8220;operation,&#8221; and &#8220;production&#8221; of products in general, equipment, vehicles, and buildings. In other words, it is not just a decree facilitating licenses for businesses involving services or commerce. There are more complex business activities involved. </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The previous topic also suggests that even environmental licenses for endeavors may be affected by the provisional decree. However, another section goes into more detail on this aspect. If a license is not granted within the allotted period for the environmental agency, it will shift jurisdiction over the case to a superior agency. In other words, if the license is the jurisdiction of the municipality, it will be moved to the state, and so on. It is unclear, however, if the analysis process will start again.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The measure includes a vaccine against the establishment of technological applications for services such as Uber and AirBnb (opposed to by more traditional economic sectors which support the government). One section says that companies may develop and execute &#8220;new types of products and services&#8221; when current regulations &#8220;if there become outdated due to technological developments consolidated internationally.&#8221; However, this will be defined in a specific regulation, which will establish &#8220;the requirements to assess the situation, the procedures, the time and conditions of the effects.&#8221; In other words, it&#8217;s not much of a breakthrough and the government is likely to protect traditional sectors.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;Low risk&#8221; activities may be carried out in &#8220;private properties or those of consenting third parties&#8221; without the need for permits, authorization or licenses. Does this mean that businesses can be opened at home? In theory, yes, but municipal zoning plans may get in the way. It is unclear which rules will take precedence.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">In the regulation of the measures, federal, state and municipal governments may not create protectionist rules, measures to block the entry of new competitors, including foreign companies, or &#8220;create exclusive privileges for certain economic sectors, which may not be accessible to other segments.&#8221; The wording implies that tax breaks and sectoral taxes may come under this umbrella, but it is not clear. </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The measure alters the Civil Code to include the following provision: &#8220;In private contractual relationships, the principle of minimum state intervention will prevail, and contractual revision outwith the parties will be an exceptional measure.&#8221; In other words, the measure protects contracts signed between private parties. This is also valid for interventions of the judiciary in these cases. Any contractual revision will be &#8220;exceptional.&#8221; What defines this exceptionality, however, is unclear.</span></li> </ul> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">There are several caveats to the decree, which somewhat smother the government&#8217;s declared objective:</span></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The heart of the measure is the concept of &#8220;low risk&#8221; activities. But this concept does not exist. The federal government is still to define what this activity is, and it may be self-declared. If I intend to open a car mechanic&#8217;s, I can declare it is &#8220;low risk&#8221; and that will suffice. However, if the government finds this out later, I will be penalized. There is also the possibility of municipal and state laws having different definitions of the concept, as a way of exerting more or less control over these activities.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The tacit authorization of economic activities, which will come into effect in two months, will occur in cases in which the government does not analyze a request for opening a business within the allotted time. This type of authorization will not suffice for businesses of &#8220;justifiable risk&#8221; or those which depend on the approval of states and municipalities.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Companies have freedom to set their own prices—with the exception of regulated sectors. This provision concerns the right to not suffer restrictions to the right to set prices &#8220;by any authority.&#8221; In theory, the Consumer Protection Foundation (Procon) would not have the power to interfere. However, later on in the decree there is a mention that this freedom to set prices cannot violate &#8220;consumer defense legislation, consumer rights, and other provisions of law.&#8221; In other words, Procon would be able to act in these cases. </span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">In cases involving public health, public security, and sanitary security, these rules do not apply. In other words, for opening a restaurant, the old rules must be followed. The same goes with pharmacies and security companies, among others. Still, the government must justify in each case why the new rules do not apply.</span></li> </ul> <h5><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind:</b></h5> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Activities may be carried out at any time or day of the week, providing the rules of noise pollution and disturbance of the peace are adhered to, as well as labor legislation.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The permission of economic activities must be &#8220;bound&#8221; to similar previous decision. In practice, this means that if I want to open a grocery store and there has already been a decision concerning an establishment with similar characteristics, my request cannot be denied. In this case, what is &#8220;provided in the regulations&#8221; must be followed. Therefore, this will need to be regulated better, in order to make it clear what determines similarity to a prior decision, for instance.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Digitized documents will now be equal to physical documents for all legal purposes. Public and private documents which have been digitized may have their original copies destroyed, providing the digital version is intact and &#8220;with the exception of documents of historic value.&#8221; Records in notary offices may be kept on digital media.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Civil Code foresees that &#8220;partners and administrators&#8221; of companies which committed crimes or irregularities may have their private property appropriated due to irregularities committed by the company. In other words, their personal assets could be levied upon, for instance. This decree makes it explicit that this appropriation may affect only one partner or administrator, even if they have been indirectly benefited by the abuse.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Small and medium-sized companies may be relieved of CVM requirements for share offerings on the stock exchange. However, this still needs to be defined by the CVM itself.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The government put an unrelated provision into the decree, extinguishing the Brazilian Sovereign Fund. Last year, ex-president Michel Temer attempted to terminate the fund, but the measure was rejected by the House.</span></li> </ul> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;">EDUCATION</h2> <h4><b>Evaluation of literacy</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> The government redefined the rules for SAEB, which assesses the quality of basic education in Brazil. After the controversy generated by the administration of former minister Ricardo Vélez Rodríguez, who decided not to evaluate literacy, the rules defined at the end of the Temer government have come back into force. </span></h5> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Now, under the command of Minister Abraham Weintraub, a middle ground has been reached. Children in their second year of primary school will be assessed with Portuguese language and mathematics tests, but in samples from public and private schools, instead of being a general examination. In addition, there are other changes:</span></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The evaluation&#8217;s target audience now contemplates &#8220;integrated&#8221; secondary schooling, which includes technical education.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">A sample of private schools will also undergo a science test.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Tests will be administered between October 21 and November 1.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 366, de 29 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h4><b>More cuts in Education</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> The government has relocated BRL 3.6 billion from the budget to strengthen the funds available to five ministries (Science and Technology, Infrastructure, Regional Development, Citizenship, and Women, Family and Human Rights). Essentially, this move will be used to finance works of the Accelerated Growth Program (PAC), worth BRL 2.6 billion, under the responsibility of the Ministries of Infrastructure and Regional Development. </span></h5> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The ordinance does not indicate which works these are. Of the total, more than half (BRL 1.6 billion) was withdrawn from the Ministry of Education (9 percent of what was planned, after the government-sponsored cut at the end of March). In all, the Education Ministry has already lost BRL 9.8 billion from what had been approved for this year&#8217;s Budget. Also noteworthy is the additional cut of BRL 725.4 million to the budget of the Ministry of Defense.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 144, de 2 de maio de 2019</span><b> </b></a></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;">FOREIGN POLICY</h2> <h4><b>Support to Venezuelans</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> A few hours after the Venezuelan opposition&#8217;s uprising against Nicolas Maduro on Tuesday, a provisional measure signed by President Jair Bolsonaro was already on the website of the Federal Register, releasing BRL 223.8 million, not foreseen in the budget, to guarantee &#8220;emergency and humanitarian assistance to people from Venezuela.&#8221; </span></h5> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Constitution foresees that extraordinary credits, which still need to be ratified by Congress, can only be opened to &#8220;meet unforeseeable and urgent expenses, such as those arising from war, internal commotion or public calamity.&#8221; The interpretation is somewhat distorted.In a twisted interpretation, okay. Unlike supplementary credits, the government does not have to cancel funds originally earmarked for other actions.</span></p> <p><b>Source</b><span style="font-weight: 400;">: </span><a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Medida Provisória nº 880, de 30 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;">HEALTHCARE</h2> <h4><b>Suicide prevention</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> From the bill presented submitted by then-member of Congress and the current Minister of Citizenship, Osmar Terra, Jair Bolsonaro sanctioned a law to create that National Policy for the Prevention of Self Harm and Suicide. As is typical for such policies, there is still much to be regulated. One point worth mentioning is the requirement for hospitals and schools to report cases of self harm, even in suspected cases. Healthcare plans must cover treatment for self harm and attempted suicide. The new rules come into force as of the end of July.</span></h5> <h5><b>Other important aspects to bear in mind:</b></h5> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The federal, state, and municipal governments must &#8220;guarantee&#8221; psychological and psychiatric treatment for &#8220;people with acute or chronic psychological suffering, especially those with a history of suicidal thoughts, self harm, and suicide attempts.&#8221;</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The different levels of government must force the disclosure of a telephone number to treat people in &#8220;psychological suffering&#8221; in establishments with &#8220;high flows of people,&#8221; as well as carrying out publicity campaigns. Today, there is 188, the Center of Appreciation for Life, which is a private initiative. It is unclear whether this will be the service to be adopted by the government in this national policy, or if a new initiative will be created.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">A partnership is in the offing with Google and Facebook to divulge these treatment services.</span></li> </ul> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Lei nº 13.819, de 26 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h4><b>Health data</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> In November 2017, a decree signed by ex-President Michel Temer ordered the creation of the Minimum Database of Healthcare Data, which is to include clinical data related to patients&#8217; health condition, as well as procedures and treatments. At the time, the Database was to be implemented within one year, but a new decree by the Bolsonaro government has left its establishment open-ended, saying it will be up to the Health Ministry to set the deadline.</span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Decreto nº 9.775, de 30 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h4><b>Asbestos exposure</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> The Ministry of Health has decided to draft an action plan to create a network of actions and services to treat the population exposed to asbestos. There is no deadline for the plan to be completed. The Supreme Court decided in 2017 that the extraction and sale of asbestos is expressly prohibited in Brazil, but the Health Ministry ordinance suggests the plan will be put together as if asbestos was still being produced in Brazil, tackling the &#8220;stages of the production chain.&#8221;</span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 21, de 18 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;">INFRASTRUCTURE AND LOGISTICS</h2> <h4><b>Data on regional development</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> The Ministry of Regional Development has created a working group to speed up the implementation of a new website for the </span><a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Regional Development Observatory</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, which offers geo-referenced data with &#8220;information of Brazil&#8217;s regional dynamic.&#8221; This should be concluded by July 1 this year, but may be extended. </span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 1.077, de 23 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h4><b>Relief for truckers</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> In another government gesture to calm the nerves of truck drivers, who threatened to go on strike, transporter companies or truck drivers who carry out jobs under the pay rate established by the ANTT will no longer be fined. The fines for those who hire the service remain.</span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Resolução nº 5.844, de 30 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;">MINING AND ENERGY</h2> <h4><b>Energy incentive for isolated regions</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> Energy projects for the so-called &#8220;isolated systems&#8221; which are not connected to the national grid will now have government incentives. They may also be benefited by a special tax regime for infrastructure incentives, which would waive social security contributions on the purchase of materials to be used for these endeavors.</span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 216, de 26 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h4><b>Storing fuels</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> The National Petroleum Agency (ANP) will no longer control licenses for building fuel storage units. Now, the ANP will only issue licenses after distributors and producers have submitted permits from local authorities. Another change to current rules is that storage tanks can now hold as little as 230 liters, the previous minimum cutoff was 450 liters.</span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Resolução nº 784, de 26 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;">PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION</h2> <h4><b>Temporary hires</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">While being a typical ordinance to delegate powers, it is notable as Economy Minister Paulo Guedes is giving further responsibilities to the special secretary of Management, Digital Government, and Reducing Bureaucracy, Paulo Uebel. He will now be in charge of authorizing hires of temporary personnel in matters of public interest. This week, for example, before delegating this responsibility, Paulo Guedes authorized the IBGE to hire up to 400 analysts to carry out the 2020 Census.</span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 201, de 29 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h4><b>Control in the Agriculture Ministry</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Ministry of Agriculture made some changes in the way it deals with infractions and losses to the public treasury caused by servants from the department. Now, amounts up to BRL 17,600 will not be classed as losses to the public treasury (providing the servant returns the money). Previously, this limit was BRL 8,000.</span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 80, de 30 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h4><b>Nepotism in the Agriculture Ministry</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Ministry of Agriculture published a flowchart about how to verify cases of nepotism in the department, both in regard to hiring permanent staff and interns, and the signing of contracts with companies and relationships with third parties. Following the rules adopted by the Ministry of Justice, the changes are more lenient than those implemented by Incra early this year. In the Agriculture Ministry, if the permanent position is hierarchically superior to the relative already employed by the department, the appointment is permitted.</span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 79, de 30 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;">SANITATION AND FOOD SAFETY</h2> <h4><b>European Union as a guide</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core:</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> Anvisa will now use the European Union as a reference for the approval of food additives. Previously, the agency only considered the FAO/WHO specialist board on food additives, the Code of Chemical Food Products, and the European Authority of Food Safety (which, while part of the EU, is purely a consultant board). With the inclusion of the EU, which was already a part of references for the approval of additives to meat, the official decisions made by the bloc on food additives may be replicated in Brazil.</span></h5> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Resolução RDC nº 281, de 29 de abril de 2019</span></a></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;">SOCIAL PROGRAMS</h2> <h4><b>Rural poverty</b></h4> <h5><b>To the core: </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">Created in 2001, the Dom Helder Câmara Project is aimed at eradicating rural poverty in the semi-arid region of Brazil&#8217;s Northeast, by way of sustainable rural development. As part of the program, the government offers technical assistance to low-income farmers. </span></h5> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This project has a management board, which was made up of &#8220;representatives of the federal government, governments of the states in question, beneficiaries and civil society institutions, nominated by way of a specific ordinance.: This is no longer the case and a new ordinance establishes that the management board will simply have a chairperson, and administrative/financial officer, a technical coordinator, and for each part of the project, a coordinator and two specialists—without stating where these officers should come from.</span></p> <p><b>Source:</b> <a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Portaria nº 43, de 29 de abril de 2019 </span></a></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">

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